Meteorology applied to Urban Air Pollution Problems  -  COST 715

In the framework of COST, an international action has been conducted aimed at increasing knowledge of, and the accessibility to, the main meteorological parameters which determine urban pollution levels. The action was designated initiated COST 715.

COST 715 follows a previous action, COST 710, concerning "Harmonisation in the pre-processing of meteorological data for dispersion models".

The present page is the entry to a set of Web pages concerning COST 715 (Urban Meteorology). Another set of Web pages concerns COST 710 (Harmonisation in pre-processing). These two sets of pages are maintained by the Department of Atmospheric Environment, NERI which has been one of the participating institutions in both actions.

Contents of this document

What is COST?

COST is the acronyme (in French) for "European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research". It is a framework for international research and development cooperation, allowing to coordinate national research at European level. COST does not fund research as such, but coordination of research. COST includes as member states countries from the European Union, and a number of other European countries. More information is available at the official COST site. See also the section later on this page on COST links.

COST action 715 on urban meteorology - in brief

The requirements of the framework Directive on air quality assessment and management introduce real practical problems for the meteorological community. For example some of the meteorological variables needed in urban air pollution assessments are not routinely measured. In normal circumstances the number of meteorological stations in urban areas is limited to a few sites often just at airports.

COST 715 on "Meteorology applied to Urban Air Pollution Problems" was set up to review these problems. It was a European wide project involving 19 countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom and one non-COST country institute: the Meteorological and Geophysical Service of Macao. The basic aim was to be able to advise air pollution modellers on the most appropriate meteorological data for use in their urban dispersion models. They require meteorological data for annual averages, and for percentile concentrations. Methods for obtaining this data can involve extrapolation/interpolation of data within and outside a city, commissioning site specific data where appropriate, semi-empirical corrections to routine data collected at standard meteorological sites, numerical models describing the mesoscale flow and the use of physical models.

COST 715 started in September 1998 and continued to March 2004.

Two other previous COST actions are related to COST 715, namely

There are several review papers available concerning COST 715, see below.

Available materials

Review papers

There are several review papers available concerning COST 715:

Materials from workshops etc.

A workshop entitled "Preparation of Meteorological Input Data for Urban Site Studies" was held in Prague on June 15, 2000. The proceedings of this Workshop have been published as a COST 715 report: Preparation of meteorological input data for urban site studies, 2001, edited by M Schatzmann, J Brechler and B Fisher, COST 715 Report EUR 19446, Luxembourg Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
There is more information on the set of web pages maintained by the Czech organizer.

Other reports with workshop proceedings etc. are the following:

Note also, that at series of conferences on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes there have been presentations from participants in COST 715 on their work. Information on the proceedings of these conferences - as well as many full text papers - are available at

Working groups

The chairman of COST 715 was Bernard Fisher, UK Environment Agency
The scientific secretary of COST 715 was Pavol Nejedlik, COST Office.

Within COST 715 there were four working groups:

The report of Progress (PDF format) from April 2002 contains some comments on the field of work of the various working groups. There is more up-to-date information on the home pages of the respective working groups.

Related COST actions

Key persons within COST 715

The chairman of COST 715 was Bernard Fisher, UK Environment Agency (UK).
The scientific secretary of COST 715 was Pavol Nejedlik, COST Office.

The addresses of the persons mentioned are as follows:

Nejedlik, Pavol 
COST Office
Av. Louise 149 ( 21/30 ) 
B-1050 Brussels 
   Tel:+32 2 5333830 
   Fax:+32 2 5333890 

Fisher, Bernard
Nat. Centre for Risk Analysis & Options Appraisal
The Environment Agency
Steel House, 11 Tothill St.
London SW1H 9NF
      Tel: +44 20 7664 6970
      Fax: +44 20 7664 6911

Kukkonen, Jaakko
Finnish Meteorological Institute
Air Quality Research
Sahaajankatu 20 E
FIN-00810  Helsinki
      Tel: +358 9 1929 5405 or 358 9 1929 5450 (direct)
      Fax: +358 9 1929 5403

Piringer, Martin
Zentralanstalt fr Meteorologie und Geodynamik
Abteilung Umweltmeteorologie
Hohe Warte 38
1190  Wien

Rotach, Mathias
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology
Winterthurerstrasse 190
CH-8057  ZŁrich
      Tel: +41 1 635 52 22
      Fax: +41 1 362 51 97

Schatzmann, Michael
Meteorological Institute
University of Hamburg
Bundesstrasse 55
D-20146 Hamburg 13
      Tel: +49 40 41235090
      Fax: +49 40 41173350


Related pages
COST 710 homepage ("Harmonization in the pre-processing of meteorological data for dispersion models")
Initiative on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes

This page is maintained by Helge RÝrdam Olesen
It was last modified on
April 28, 2006

Published by the Department of Atmospheric Environment, National Environmental Research Institute (Denmark)